THESAURUS OF KEYWORDS Florilegium Urbanum



This thesaurus lists the keywords displayed in the keywords field at the head of essays and articles presented in the Florilegium Urbanum; the purpose of the keywords field is to provide a brief indication of the scope of subject-content of each Web page. The thesaurus was created as a crude working tool, which I have chosen to make more widely available at this time to assist researchers in finding resources pertinent to subjects of interest to them; N.B. that not all keywords are yet present in those articles so far placed online. Please make allowance for intra-indexer inconsistency.

This controlled vocabulary is a hybrid of pre-coordinated and post-coordinated terminology. It contains both nouns and adjectival terms, with some terms capable of being used in either role. The 'see also' references include broader, narrower, and near-synonymous terms. The content of this list and decisions made regarding selection of preferred terms have been dictated primarily by the scope and exigencies of the particular body of material with which I am working and my efforts to anticipate the usage of my target audiences; some personal biases are likely to have crept in. This thesaurus is a work in progress.


abbey
abduction
abjuration
abortion
abuse of office
USE maladministration
abuses
USE offences
accidents
SEE ALSO misadventure
accommodations
USE FOR dwellings, lodgings, residences
SEE ALSO almshouse, hospitals, inns
account
accountability
administration
adultery
agriculture
alderman
aldermanry
USE ward
ale
alehouses
USE taverns
aliens
USE FOR persons not subjects of the kingdom of England
alms
USE charity
almshouse
SEE ALSO hospital
Andover
Anglo-Saxon
annals
USE chronicles
anniversaries
USE memorial services
apothecaries
apprentices
arbitration
archery
architecture
SEE ALSO buildings
archives
armed forces
USE militia
arms
USE weapons
armour
armourers
arrays (military)
USE muster
arrest
SEE ALSO attachment, false arrest, imprisonment, police
arson
artillery
artisans
assault
SEE ALSO spousal abuse
assemblies
SEE ALSO folkmoot
assizes
attachment
attitudes
SEE ALSO values
attornies
USE lawyers
auditors
audits
authority
SEE ALSO sovereignty
bail
USE surety
bailiff
SEE ALSO reeve
bakers
Bamburgh
banquets
USE feasts
barkers
USE tanners
barriers
SEE ALSO portcullis
bars
USE barriers
Bath
Battle
beautification
behaviour
beliefs
benevolence
SEE ALSO charity
bequests
SEE ALSO charity, personalia, pious uses
Berkeley
Berwick
Beverley
Black Death
USE plague
blacksmiths
USE smiths
books
booms
USE barriers
booths
SEE ALSO selds, shops, stalls
borough
SEE ALSO mesne boroughs
Boston
boundaries
SEE ALSO perambulation
breach
USE WITH contracts; for breach of the peace USE disturbances
bread
break and enter
USE housebreaking
breweries
SEE ALSO ale
brewers
brewing
brewsters
USE brewers
bricklayers
USE tilers
bribery
bridge maintenance
SEE ALSO civic works
bridges
SEE ALSO travel
Bridgwater
Bristol
brokers
USE middlemen
Bruges
building code
building materials
SEE ALSO construction
buildings
SEE ALSO architecture, houses
bureaucracy
SEE ALSO gatekeeper, scribes, sergeant
burgage tenure
SEE ALSO property holding
burgesses
USE FOR the collective; for rights or obligations USE citizenship
burh
burial
USE funerals
Bury St. Edmunds
business
butchers
butchery
USE for the activity of butchering and for markets dedicated to slaughter of livestock or sale of meat
by-laws
USE law
Cambridge
cannon
USE artillery
Canterbury
capital punishment
SEE ALSO punishment
careers
Carlisle
Carmelites
carpenters
carters
carts
SEE ALSO transportation
castles
casualties
cathedrals
Caxton (William)
celebration
SEE ALSO divine services, festivals
cellar
cemeteries
ceremony
chamberlain
chandlers
chantries
chaplains
USE priests
charity
SEE ALSO benevolence
charter
[USE adjectivally]
charters
Chelmsford
Chester
Chesterfield
children
chimney
chronicles
Church
USE FOR the Catholic establishment
church services
SEE ALSO funerals, mass, memorial services
churches
SEE ALSO cathedrals
churchwardens
Cinque Ports
Cirencester
cities
SEE ALSO towns
citizenship
SEE ALSO burgesses
civic events
civic works
SEE ALSO bridge maintenance, cleaning, construction, paving, repairs, walls
cleaning
clergy
USE FOR officials of the Church in a collective sense
SEE ALSO friars, priests
clerks
USE scribes
cloth
clothiers
see also drapers
cloth industry
SEE ALSO cloth, dyers
cloth trade
clothing
SEE ALSO livery, uniforms
coal
USE fuel
coastal defence
USE national defence
cobblers
USE shoemakers
cognizance
coinage
USE minting
Colchester
colleges (of priests)
USE schools
colliers
collusion
USE conspiracy
combat
commerce
USE FOR both retail and wholesale trade activities
commercial development
USE economy development
commodities
SEE ALSO specific goods such as cloth, wine, wool
communal property
communication
community
SEE ALSO fraternities
competition
compurgation
SEE ALSO legal procedure
conduits
SEE ALSO water supply
confession
conflict
SEE ALSO political conflict, war
consent
conspiracy
constable
constitution
construction
SEE ALSO building materials
construction industry
consultation
SEE ALSO council
consumption
contests
USE competition, disputes
contracts
SEE ALSO breach
conviviality
SEE ALSO feasts
cooks
coopers
corn
USE grain
coroner
corporal punishment
SEE ALSO punishment
Corpus Christi
corrodies
USE pensions
corruption
costume
USE clothing
council
SEE ALSO consultation
county
court
SEE ALSO eyre, leet court, moot court
Coventry
craft guilds
crafts
craftsmen
USE artisans
crime
SEE ALSO abduction, arson, assault, bribery, felony, forgery, fraud, harbouring, homicide, housebreaking, intimidation, misdemeanour, offences, prostitution, rape, theft, treason
crime detection
SEE ALSO hue-and=cry, police
criminals
cross
curfew
custumals
customs
SEE ALSO law, tolls
customs service
dance
daubers
death
SEE ALSO drowning, homicide, infant mortality
debt
deception
USE fraud
default
defences
SEE ALSO barriers, fortifications, militia
decision-making
SEE ALSO legislation
depopulation
Derby
detention
USE arrest or detinue
detinue
development
USE WITH economy, industry, property
Devizes (Richard)
disabled
disease
USE illness
SEE ALSO plague
disfranchisement
disobedience
disputes
SEE ALSO property disputes, trade disputes
disrespect
distraint
disturbances
ditches
divine services
USE church services
doctors
USE physicians, surgeons
doctrine
Domesday
doomsmen
doors
dower
SEE ALSO women's rights
dowry
drains
drama
USE theatre
drapers
dress
USE clothing
drink
SEE ALSO ale, food, wine
Droitwich
drowning
Dublin
duel
USE combat
dues
SEE ALSO revenues
Durham
duties
dwellings
USE accommodations
dye
dyers
SEE ALSO cloth industry
earl
economy
education
SEE ALSO literacy, schools, students, training, university
election
SEE ALSO re-election
electoral procedures
SEE ALSO indirect election, voting
Ely
emancipation
embroiderers
emigration
USE migration
employment
USE FOR terms of employment
SEE ALSO occupations
encroachment
endowments
enterprise
USE IN RELATION TO business, commerce
entertainment
SEE ALSO recreation
escheator
escheats
essoin
ethics
SEE ALSO morality
evasion
USE smuggling, when applied to evasion of tolls or customs
excommunication
execution
USE capital punishment
executors
exemption
Exeter
expenditures
exports
SEE ALSO imports
expulsion
extortion
USE maladministration
Eynsham
eyre
factionalism
SEE ALSO political conflict
factors
USE middlemen
fairs
false arrest
family support
farm
feasts
SEE ALSO conviviality, meals
fee farm
fees
USE FOR payments for services or licences
SEE ALSO gratuities, salary, wages
felony
SEE ALSO crime, homicide, rape, theft
festivals
feuds
USE FOR hostilities, violent or non-violent, between towns
SEE ALSO vendetta
fields
finances
financial
USE WITH administration, maladministration, account
financiers
fines
fire
SEE ALSO arson
fire prevention
firefighting
firewood
USE fuel
fish
fishing
fishmongers
FitzStephen (William)
folkmoot
food
SEE ALSO bread, drink, feasts, fish, meals, meat, produce
food preparation
food supply
SEE ALSO victualling
Fordwich
foreigners
USE FOR persons not belonging to the community under discussion
forestalling
SEE ALSO market offences
forgery
fortifications
SEE ALSO castles, ditches, gates, walls
fowl
franchises
SEE ALSO liberties, powers, rights
frankpledge
SEE ALSO order, police, tithing
fraternities
SEE ALSO community guilds
fraud
freemen
SEE ALSO burgesses
USE ALSO for the state of being free
friaries
friars
SEE ALSO Carmelites
frontier towns
fruit
fuel
fundraising
funerals
SEE ALSO church services
furnishings
furniture
fur
gambling
games
SEE ALSO recreation, sport
gaol delivery
SEE ALSO judicial administration
gaols
USE prisons
garbage
USE waste disposal
gatekeeper
gates
gender bias
gentry
gifts
SEE ALSO gratuities
gilds
USE guilds
Godmanchester
goldsmiths
government
SEE ALSO self-government
grain
gratuities
SEE ALSO fees, gifts
graveyards
USE cemeteries
Great Yarmouth
USE Yarmouth
Grimsby
grocers
guard duty
guildhall
USE FOR town hall
guilds
SEE ALSO craft guilds, fraternities, merchant guild, socio-religious guilds
gutter
haberdashery
handicapped
USE disabled
harbours
USE ports or quays
harbouring
USE IN RELATION TO criminals; for harbourage of ships, USE ports
hardware
SEE ALSO stoneware, timber
hatters
hawgable
USE rents
health
SEE ALSO public health
heirs
herring
USE fish
Henley
Hereford
heresy
SEE ALSO Lollardy
hermits
hides
USE skins
hierarchy
hinterland
historiography
homicide
SEE ALSO crime, felony
Hooker (John)
hospitals
SEE ALSO almshouse
hostelers
USE innkeepers
hostelries
USE inns
hosting
housebreaking
houses
SEE ALSO buildings
houseware
hucksters
SEE ALSO middlemen
hue-and-cry
SEE ALSO crime detection, police
hunting
SEE ALSO recreation, sport
illness
USE FOR sickness, disease
SEE ALSO mental illness
immigration
USE migration
immorality
SEE ALSO adultery
imports
SEE ALSO exports
impoverishment
imprisonment
SEE ALSO prison conditions, punishment
incorporation
indictments
indirect election
SEE ALSO electoral procedures
industrial development
USE industry development
industry
SEE ALSO cloth industry, construction industry, salt industry
infangthef
infant mortality
infirmity
informers
inns
SEE ALSO taverns
innkeepers
inquest
USE jury trial
inquisitions
USE jury trial or investigations
insurrection
USE rebellion OR riot
intestacy
intimidation
inventory
investigations
Ipswich
ironmongers
jewellery
Jews
judicial administration
SEE ALSO court, gaol delivery, investigations, trial, justice
jurisdiction
jury
justice
SEE ALSO piepowder
justices peace
kidnapping
USE abduction
King's Lynn
Kingston-upon-Hull
kitchen
labour
labourers
landholding
SEE ALSO escheats, property disputes
latrine
law
SEE ALSO legislation, reforms, regulations
lawsuits
SEE ALSO pleas
lawyers
leadership
leather
SEE ALSO skins
leet
USE ward
leet court
legal disputes
USE disputes
legal procedure
SEE ALSO compurgation
legal profession
SEE ALSO lawyers
legends
legislation
USE FOR the process of making law
SEE ALSO decision-making
Leicester
lepers
liberties
SEE ALSO franchises powers rights
licences
lighting
Lincoln
linen
literacy
SEE ALSO education
livery
SEE ALSO uniforms
livestock
lodgings
USE accommodations
Lollardy
SEE ALSO heresy
London
SEE ALSO Southwark
Lydgate (John)
Lyme Regis
Lynn
USE King's Lynn
Maghfeld (Gilbert)
mainprise
USE surety
maintenance
SEE ALSO bridge, buildings, family support, pensions, walls
maladministration
malt
manners
market
SEE ALSO retail
market licences
market offences
SEE ALSO forestalling, offences
marriage
masons
mass
SEE ALSO church services
mayor
meals
SEE ALSO banquets, food
measures
meat
SEE ALSO butchery
mediation
medical practitioners
USE apothecaries, physicians, surgeons
medicine
medieval
Melcombe Regis
membership
memorial services
SEE ALSO church services
mental illness
mercers
merchandize
USE commodities
merchant guild
merchants
mesne boroughs
middlemen
Middlewich
midsummer watch
SEE ALSO night-watch
migration
military organization
military service
SEE ALSO naval service
militia
millers
USE mills
mills
minstrels
minting
misadventure
SEE ALSO accidents
miscarriage
USE FOR miscarriages of justice; for prematurely terminated pregnancies USE abortion
misdemeanour
SEE ALSO trespass
mobility
USE FOR movement in both senses of geographical and social
models
monasteries
monastic boroughs
USE mesne boroughs
money-lending
monopolization
USE IN RELATION TO power and commerce
moot court
moral offences
USE offences
morality
SEE ALSO ethics, sin
mortmain
mummery
murage
SEE ALSO tolls
music
musicians
USE minstrels
muster
mystery plays
SEE ALSO Corpus Christi, plays, theatre
national defence
natural disasters
USE FOR coastal erosion, crop failure, flooding, silting, storms
naval
USE WITH service, warfare
SEE ALSO military service
neighbourhoods
Newcastle-under-Lyme
Newcastle-upon-Tyne
new towns
SEE ALSO towns, town-founding
night-watch
SEE ALSO Midsummer watch
Northampton
Norwich
Nottingham
nuisance
oath
obits
USE memorial services
obligations
obstructionism
occupations
SEE ALSO employment
offences
SEE ALSO crime, market offences, misdemeanour
office-holding
officers
SEE ALSO bailiff, chamberlain, constable, gatekeeper, mayor, reeve, scavager, sergeant, sheriff
officials
USE officers
old age
order
SEE ALSO frankpledge
ordinances
USE law or regulations
ordnance
USE artillery
organization
oven
Oxford
pageantry
SEE ALSO ceremony, processions, theatre
painters
parades
USE processions
pardons
parish
parliamentary representatives
participation
partnership
pasture
USE FOR rights of pasturage and places where livestock are put to graze
patronage
paupers
SEE ALSO poverty
pavage
paving
payments
USE expenditures
peace
USE WITH disturbances, justices, preservation
pension
pepperers
USE spicers
perambulation
SEE ALSO boundaries
performance standards
personalia
petition
physicians
piepowder
piety
SEE ALSO pious uses, religiosity
pilgrimage
pillory
pious uses
piracy
place-names
plague
planned towns
SEE ALSO town-founding
planted towns
plate
USE FOR decorative housewares plated in gold or silver
plays
SEE ALSO mystery plays
pleas
SEE ALSO lawsuits
pledge
USE surety
pluralism
police
SEE ALSO arrest, crime detection, hue-and-cry, security, constable
political conflict
SEE ALSO conflict, factionalism
political thought
politics
pollution
pontage
USE tolls
poor relief
USE charity
portcullis
ports
SEE ALSO quays
porters
possessions
poultry
USE fowl
pound
USE IN RELATION TO a location where impounded items are kept
poverty
SEE ALSO impoverishment, paupers
powers
SEE ALSO jurisdiction, rights
prayer
preaching
precedence
presentment
preservation
prices
priests
SEE ALSO clergy
prison conditions
prisons
USE FOR specific prisons
SEE ALSO imprisonment
privileges
SEE ALSO franchises, liberties, rights
privy
USE latrine
probate
procedures
processions
produce
professional misconduct
profiteering
prohibition
property
property disputes
property holding
SEE ALSO burgage tenure, landholding
property transactions
property values
prostitution
SEE ALSO undesirables
public access
public health
public works
USE civic works
punishment
SEE ALSO capital punishment, corporal punishment, expulsion, disfranchisement, excommunication, fines, imprisonment, pillory
Purgatory
qualifications
quality control
SEE ALSO standards
quays
SEE ALSO ports
quo warranto
raid
rape
real estate
USE property
rebellion
SEE ALSO riot
receipts
USE revenues
record keeping
records
recreation
SEE ALSO entertainment, games, hunting, sport
re-election
reeve
SEE ALSO bailiff
recruitment
reforms
SEE ALSO law
refurbishment
USE renovation
refuse
USE waste disposal
regraters
USE middlemen
regrating
SEE ALSO market offences
regulation
USE FOR the creation and/or implementation of laws, rules, or institutions governing some aspect of human activity, whether through provision by national, regional or local authorities
regulations
USE FOR mandatory rules applicable to the internal administration of an institution or particular community, but not having the force of law applicable to the general population
relationships
religion
religiosity
SEE ALSO piety
renovation
rent
rental
repairs
representation
repression
USE suppression
reprisal
residences
USE accommodations
restrictions
retail
USE commerce
retirement
retribution
revels
USE celebration
revenues
SEE ALSO dues, rent, murage, tolls
revolt
USE rebellion
risks
right of way
rights
SEE ALSO citizenship, jurisdiction, powers, privileges, seigneurial rights
riot
SEE ALSO disturbances rebellion
ritual
rivers
SEE ALSO travel, water supply
roads
SEE ALSO routes, street cleaning, travel
roof
routes
SEE ALSO roads, travel
royal demesne
USE FOR land held by the king, particularly that on which towns stood
royal service
USE FOR service in one of more capacities provided to the Crown
royal visits
rules
USE regulations
ruling class
rumour-mongering
USE fraud
Rye
St. Ives
safekeeping
USE security
safety
saints
salary
SEE ALSO fees, wages
Salisbury
salt
salt industry
sanctuary
Sandwich
sanitation
satire
scavage
SEE ALSO tolls
scavager
schools
SEE ALSO education
scot and lot
Scotland
scribes
SEE ALSO town clerk
seals
security
SEE ALSO barriers, midsummer watch, night-watch, police
seigneurial rights
selds
SEE ALSO shops, stalls
self-government
SEE ALSO government
serfs
SEE ALSO villeinage
sergeant
servants
service
USE FOR the obligation to provide service
services
SEE ALSO transportation
sexual bias
USE gender bias
sexual relationships
SEE ALSO rape
shambles
USE butchery
sheriff
shipbuilding
shipping
ships
SEE ALSO transportation
shipwreck
shoemakers
shopkeepers
shops
Shrewsbury
shrine
sickness
USE illness
siege
silverware
sin
USE offences
skins
slander
smiths
smuggling
social behaviour
USE society behaviour
social control
SEE ALSO frankpledge
social division
social structure
USE society
social welfare
society
socio-religious guilds
solidarity
SEE ALSO community
Southampton
Southwark
sovereignty
SEE ALSO authority
speeches
spicers
spices
sport
SEE ALSO combat, games, hunting, recreation
spousal abuse
spirituality
SEE ALSO religiosity
springs
Stafford
stalls
Stamford
standards
SEE ALSO measures, performance standards, quality control, values
stationers
statutes
USE law
steward
stoneware
storerooms
USE warehouses
street cleaning
streets
students
SEE ALSO education
subsidies
USE customs
supervision
suppression
surety
surgeons
symbols
tanners
taverners
USE taverns
taverns
SEE ALSO inns
tawyers
USE tanners
taxation
tax relief
testaments
SEE ALSO intestacy, probate
testimonials
theatre
SEE ALSO plays
theft
tilers
USE FOR bricklayers
timber
tithing
SEE ALSO frankpledge
tolls
SEE ALSO murage, pavage, scavage, customs
tools
topography
SEE ALSO boundaries
Torksey
tournaments
towers
town clerk
town-founding
SEE ALSO new towns, planned towns
town hall
USE guildhall
town planning
USE FOR planning for land use and transportation
SEE ALSO urban design
towns
SEE ALSO cities, frontier towns, new towns, planned towns, burh, wik
trade
USE commerce except where used in conjunction with another noun
trade disputes
trade licences
traders
USE merchants
trades
USE crafts
training
SEE ALSO education
transactions
transfer of power
transportation
SEE ALSO carts, porters, services, shipping
travel
SEE ALSO bridges, rivers, roads, routes
treason
treasury
trespass
SEE ALSO misdemeanour
trial
SEE ALSO combat
Troy
trustees
undesirables
uniforms
SEE ALSO livery
university
SEE ALSO education, schools
upkeep
USE maintenance
uprising
USE rebellion
urban
urban decline
SEE ALSO depopulation, impoverishment, plague
urban design
USE FOR the arrangement, appearance and functionality of towns and cities
SEE ALSO town planning
urban development
USE town planning, urban design
urban government
urban origins
urban planning
USE town planning
usury
USE money-lending
values
SEE ALSO attitudes, standards
vandalism
vendetta
USE FOR prolonged interpersonal or inter-family conflict
SEE ALSO feuds
victuals
USE food
victualling
SEE ALSO food supply
victuallers
view of arms
USE muster
villeinage
SEE ALSO serfs
vintners
violence
voting
vows
USE oath
wages
SEE ALSO fees, salary
waits
USE minstrels
walls
SEE ALSO murage
war
USE FOR particular instances of wars
war damage
warden
wards
USE FOR administrative areas of a town; for minors under the care of guardians or a court, USE wardship
SEE ALSO neighbourhoods
wardship
warehouses
wares
USE commodities
warfare
USE FOR the process of conducting war or particular ways of waging war, e.g. WITH naval, siege
waste disposal
water supply
SEE ALSO conduits, rivers
waxchandlers
weapons
weighing
weights
weirs
wells
wheat
USE grain
Whittington (Richard)
wholesale
USE commerce
widow's portion
USE dower
widows
wik
wildfowl
USE fowl
wills
SEE ALSO intestacy, probate, testaments
Winchelsea
Winchester
windows
wine
SEE ALSO drink
wine trade
withernam
USE retribution
Witney
women
SEE ALSO widows
women's rights
SEE ALSO dower
wood
USE construction materials or fuel
wool
woolfells
USE skins
wool trade
Worcester
workmen
USE labourers
wrestling
writing of history
USE historiography
Yarmouth
USE FOR Great Yarmouth
York



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Created: November 24, 2014. Last update: April 12, 2016 © Stephen Alsford, 2014-2016