1 I cannot verify the statement that Henry Godyear was bailiff, made by Rickword (Trans. E.A.S., IX, 134) who is unreliable in some other attributions.
2 The date of fitz William and Adam de Castro to this year (Red Paper Bk., 74) is almost certainly a mistaking of 10/11 Ed.I for 10/11 Ed.II.
3 From an undated deed (Red Paper Bk., 71) of tempore Edward I; it is Rickword (op. cit., 144) who gives the precise date, without substantiation.
3a Almost two decades after this study was undertaken, there
came to light in the Archives of the Mercers' Company of London a cartulary
containing copies of deeds, stretching back to the late thirteenth century,
pertaining to Colchester properties purchased in 1485 by London alderman Henry Colet;
Richard Britnell produced a calendar of this collection, placing it online, though
it was taken offline following his death. From the witness lists to some of these
charters it has been possible to supplement my original list of Colchester bailiffs
for a few years. In addition, a number of undated charters supply the following pairs
of bailiffs who were probably in office at some point in the late 1280s or early 1290s:
Richard de la Barre, Robert fitz Prestre
John de la Forde, Robert le Verrer
Simon fitz Hervey, John fitz Elias
Richard Golafre, Harvey Lightwyne
Nicholas Medicus, Walter Goldsmith
A number of these individuals now identified did not factor into my prosopographical analysis.
4 Possibly alias le Clerk
6 The number of coroners was reduced from four to two from 1318 onwards.
7 The names of chamberlains are rarely recorded in the fourteenth century.
8 It is not quite clear whether these men are chamberlains or sergeants; see G.C.R. 22-23 Ed.III, m.1.
9 No qualificative epithet is placed after the Starling name henceforth, so it may be that one (presumably Geoffrey senior) had died.
10 See chapter 1.
11 Thus Add.Ms. 30158 f.14, although Bacon gives William Winter and Robert Hall as treasurers.
12 According to Harrod, from the evidence of deeds.
13 But possibly William de Karleton; see KL/C50/Be 204.
14 Not all identities are certain, due to damage to the source document (Red Reg. f.61; see also Arundel Castle Ms. MD 428).
15 Only two chamberlains were elected this year.
16 Based on Saul (who follows Le Strange, who in turn used Swinden) and on Palmer (using Swinden and Manship), with amendments and additions (including chamberlains' names) from primary evidence.
17 However, an entry in Cal.Memo.Rolls 1326-27 (p.145) lists these bailiffs for that year.
18 Thus C.P.R 1343-45, 166 (for 20 November 1343). Le Strange and Palmer state that the bailiffs of 1341/2 were re-elected in the next two years, however.
19 Although Palmer gives Richard de Wymondham, E101/507/30 gives Gimingham; it is not certain whether the two names might represent one individual.
20 Thus Add.Ms. 14965 (dated 3 February 1365). Le Strange gives a different set (without citing his authority), whilst Swinden and Palmer leave this year blank.
21 Although Le Strange and Palmer say Thomas Hall, the parliamentary return (C219/15/2) gives Hillys.
22 Ipswich, Lynn, and Yarmouth (as well as Norwich) are known to have been represented in parliament as early as 1268, but no names of members are known until 1295. Maldon is not known to have been represented before 1332.
23 Although Lynn, at least, is known to have been represented (KL/C37/1 m.20r), Henry Barsham being a likely representative.
24 Possibly alias de Massingham.
25 Alias de Ormesby.
26 Prorogued to November.
27 Although Thomas Stace and Gilbert Robert are known to have journeyed to this parliament (C.Cl.R. 1313-18, 271), it is not clear whether as formal representatives.
28 The former pair were named on the return, but the latter pair were paid in the borough account.
29 I.e. of the Haraud family.
30 Prorogued to February.
31 Possibly an error for John? I find no other biographical data on a Richard Jordan.
32 We cannot be certain that Maldon was summoned to every parliament during this period.
33 Although Lynn paid Roger de Buttele, Geoffrey Drewe and Thomas de Massingham for attending a 'Council' of this year.
34 Hypothesis from a surname ending '--lle': all that remains of the writ. N.B. that Warin atte Welle died in 1349.
35 Summoned by name, not elected. McKisack thought it was Tolbooth who attended the June parliament, but the chamberlains' account clearly pays Botkesham for attending the Winchester session, and names Tolbooth and Botkesham together in relation to an unspecified (but doubtless the February) parliament.
36 Replaced Nicholas de Swerdestone, who was originally elected, before the October prorogation.
37 The name is only partially legible on the writ.
38 Thus the original return, but the Red Register f.161b records the election of Hugh de Ellingham, not that of Morton.
39 Prorogued to January.
40 John Bilney and James Nicholasson had originally been selected, however.
41 Walter Curson according to one source, but this is probably an alias.
42 Confirmed from the original returns; the suggestion by Palmer/Le Strange of Gaynes and Elys is incorrect.
43 This pair was hypothesised by History of Parliament: Biographies, 652, on rather flimsy evidence.
44 Hypothesis, on the grounds that the Paston letters refer to Heydon in connection with these parliaments, and Yarmouth is the most likely constituency.
|APPENDIX I: Lists of Office-holders|
Introduction | Structure of Borough Government | Social and Economic Background of Office-Holders
Monopolisation of Office | Attitudes Towards Office-holding | Professionalism in Administration
Quality of Government | Conflict and Solidarity in Urban Politics | Conclusion
|Created: July 30, 1998. Last update: May 14, 2016||© Stephen Alsford, 1998-2016|