Introduction to the history of medieval boroughs

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An overview of the origins and growth of towns and cities in England during the Middle Ages, indicating some of issues and trends in the urbanization process, and suggesting some of the defining characteristics of urban society in the medieval period.

Origins: problems of definition

Origins: continuity or creation?

Origins: wiks, burhs, and ports

Origins: planned/planted towns

The growth of self-government

The urban economy

Urban society

Sources of our knowledge

further reading

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Created: March 7, 1999. Last update: January 2, 2013 © Stephen Alsford, 1999-2013